Top 4 Investment banking in India- History and Overview

Banking investment in India has undergone significant growth and transformation over the past few decades. Here’s an overview covering its history, growth, key players, and regulatory framework


  • Investment banking in India are based in the early 19th century with the establishment of merchant banks. However, the modern investment in banks cycle began in the 1990s after economic liberalization.
  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established in 1992 and played an important role in regulating the securities market and promoting transparency.
  • The entry of foreign banks and the growth of domestic financial institutions further fueled the growth of investment banks in India.


  • The growth of banking investment in India can be attributed to various factors such as economic liberalization, globalization, and the increasing complexity of financial transactions.
  • Investment banks in India offer various services including capital raising, mergers and acquisitions (M&A), corporate advisory, and restructuring.
  • The Indian investment banking industry has seen significant growth in recent years, motivated by strong economic growth, increasing foreign investment, and a growing number of high-net-worth individuals.

Key Players:

  • Some of the key players in the Indian investment banking industry include multinational banks like Goldman Sachs, J.P. Morgan, and Citibank, as well as domestic banks such as ICICI Bank, Axis Bank, and HDFC Bank.
  • Apart from banks, there are also market investment banks and financial advisory firms that play an important role in the Indian investment banking industry.
  • Some Finance and Personal Finance blogs Websites Guiding Properly

Regulatory Framework:

  • The regulatory framework for investment banks in India is governed by SEBI, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in India.
  • SEBI regulates the securities market and oversees activities related to public offerings, insider trading, and disclosures.
  • The RBI regulates foreign exchange transactions and ensures compliance with foreign investment regulations.
  • The regulatory framework is aimed at promoting transparency, protecting investor interests, and maintaining the stability of the financial system.


  • Investment banks help companies raise capital through various ways, such as initial public offerings (IPOs), rights issues, and private placements. This capital is crucial for businesses to fund their operations, expand, and innovate.
  • Investment banks advise companies on Mergers and Acquisitions(M&A) activities, helping them evaluate potential targets or buyers, negotiate deals, and structure transactions. M&A activities can drive consolidation, efficiency gains, and growth in various industries.
  • Investment banks provide strategic advice to companies on various financial matters, such as capital structure optimization, risk management, and corporate restructuring. This advice helps companies make informed decisions to enhance their financial performance.
  • Investment banks often act as market makers, facilitating trading activities in financial markets. They provide liquidity by buying and selling securities, helping ensure smooth market functioning.
  • Investment banks underwrite securities issuances, such as IPOs and bond offerings, by guaranteeing to buy any unsold securities at a predetermined price. This underwriting process helps companies raise capital with reduced risk.
  • Investment banks research companies, industries, and markets, providing valuable insights to investors and clients. This research helps investors make informed investment decisions and enables companies to understand market trends.
  • Investment banks offer various risk management products and services, such as derivatives, to help companies hedge against financial risks, such as interest rates and currency fluctuations.

Top 4 investment banks in India

Top investment banks in India

Kotak Investment Banking:

Kotak Investment Banking Offers services Demat account opening for trading, stock, portfolio management services, Mutual Funds, sovereign gold bond scheme, Kotak ASBA Facility, National Pension System, and RBI bonds. Kotak offers deposits as term investments like Fixed Deposits, Recurring Deposits, Tax Saving Fixed Deposits, Senior Citizen Fixed Deposits

Kotak Mutual Funds– They Are offering Insta SIP on mutual fund investment. The following Mutual fund names as per their type and interest rates as of the date of 17-02-2024

Sr No.TypeFund NameInterest rates for 1-yearInterest rates for 3 yearsInterest rates for 5 years
1Equity- Large Cap & Mid CapKotak Equity Opportunity Fund Direct-Growth35.91%21.29%22.16%
2Equity- Small CapKotak Small Cap Fund Direct-Growth38.30%26.63%29.95%
3Equity- Mid CapKotak Emerging Equity Fund Direct-Growth35.26%23.44%25.66%
4Equity- ELSSKotak ELSS Tax Saver Fund Direct-Growth32.56%20.33%21.36%
5Equity- SectroalKotak Infrastructure and Economic Reform Fund Direct-Growth45.33%32.64%27.15%
6Equity- Multi CapKotak Multicap Fund Direct-Growth25.01%NANA
7Equity- Large CapKotak Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth27.14%15.88%18.99%
8HybridKotak Debt Hybrid Fund Direct-Growth18.64%12.03%13.42%
9Equity-Flexi CapKotak Flexicap Fund Direct-Growth28.38%15.55%17.74%
10HybridKotak Balanced Advantage Fund Direct-Growth17.75%11.60%13.44%
11Equity- SectroalKotak Banking & Financial Services Fund27.69%NANA
12Equity- SectroalKotak ESG Exclusionary Strategy Fund 28.38%13.81%NA
13Equity- SectroalKotak Business Cycle Fund 27.02%NANA
14Equity- SectroalKotak Manufacture in India Fund 41.03%NANA
15Equity- SectroalKotak Pioneer Fund 37.87%17.69%NA
16Debt- Short term- ActiveKotak Banking and PSU Debt Fund7.75%5.73%7.48%
17Debt- Short term- ActiveKotak Bond Short-Term Fund 7.81%5.63%7.25%
16Debt- Short term- PassiveKotak Floating Rate Fund 7.84%5.94%NA
19Debt-Dynamic- ActiveKotak Dynamic Bond Fund9.73%6.17%7.98%

All interest rates are tentative they might fluctuate as per the market situation. Kotak Bank is available on the platform Kotak Securities for Stock Trading. On this platform, they are a guide for investing, creating the courses of trading, creating client groups, etc facilities available. Deposit returns are as follows-

Fixed Deposit- 23 Months- 7.25%

Recurring Deposit- 24 Month- 7.15% and 7.65%(Senior Citizen)

Tax Saving Fixed Deposit- 23 Months- 7.25%

Senior Citizen Fixed Deposit-  23 Months- 7.80%

To Know More and Investing with more benefit- Groww


ICICI offers Various ways for investing purposes such as Mutual Funds, National Pension systems, Demat & Trading Accounts, Sovereign Gold bonds, and Government Welfare services. They have developed a platform for mutual fund investors. Mutual Fund Details As follows

Sr No.TypeFund NameInterest rates for 1-yearInterest rates for 3 yearsInterest rates for 5 years
1Equity- Large CapICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund35.66%19.55%16.50%
2Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Infrastructure Fund60.69%39.98%30.24%
3Equity- Small CapICICI Prudential Smallcap Fund46.09%31%30.70%
4HybridICICI Prudential Equity & Debt Fund35.96%25.12%22.53%
5Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Technology Fund28.85%20.81%25.51%
6OtherICICI Prudential BHARAT 22 FOF72.08%39.61%24.73%
7HybridICICI Prudential Multi-Asset Fund29.16%23.83%21.08%
8Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Banking and Financial Services Fund20.06%11.66%14.20%
9Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Commodities Fund40.09%35.85%NA
10Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential India Opportunity Fund44.88%32.06%26.57%
11Equity- Multi CapICICI Prudential Multicap Fund45.26%23.10%21.42%
12Equity-ValueICICI Prudential Value Discovery Fund39.66%26.63%24.44%
13Equity-ELSSICICI Prudential ELSS Tax Saver Fund31.27%17.30%18.92%
14Equity- Large & Mid CapICICI Prudential Large and Mid Cap Fund40.62%26.28%23.67%
15Equity- FocusedICICI Prudential Focused Equity Fund39.16%22.11%22.43%
16Equity- Dividend Yield ICICI Prudential Dividend Yield Equity Fund50.66%33.46%25.17%
17Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Export and Services Fund35.91%21.30%20.87%
18Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Manufacture Fund-61.76%31.39%26.55%
19Equity- SectoralICICI Prudential Technology Fund28.76%21.47%25.68%

All interest rates are tentative they fluctuate as per the market situation. ICICI Bank is available on the platform as well as the mobile application ICICI Prudential for Mutual Funds. On this platform, they are giving all mutual fund investments. They have set up the mobile application ICICIdirect for stockholders or investors.

ICICI also provides bond investment in the following three types 

Sovereign Gold Bonds- Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) provide an excellent alternative to investing in physical gold. They offer the dual benefit of capital appreciation and annual interest earnings.

ICICI Bank Bonds- Bonds, also referred to as fixed-income securities, are frequently employed by governments or corporations to raise funds through borrowing from investors.

Floating Rate Saving Bond- Floating Rate Savings Bonds, were introduced by the RBI in July 2020. These bonds, backed by the Indian government, offer guaranteed, risk-free returns.

To Know More and Investing with more benefit- AngelOne


Axis Bank

Axis Investment Banking Offers services like mutual funds, Digital Gold, Direct trading with a demat account, IPOSmart, Sovereign Gold Bonds, National pension system, Floating Rate Saving Bond, etc.

Axis Mutual Funds as follows-

Sr No.TypeFund NameInterest rates for 1-yearInterest rates for 3 yearsInterest rates for 5 years
1Equity- Small CapAxis Small Cap Fund44.66%30.50%29.97%
2Equity- Mid CapAxis Mid Cap Fund38.08%20.43%22.86%
3Equity- Large CapAxis Bluechip Fund27.27%11.94%15.89%
4OtherAxis Gold Direct Plan 10.02%9.01%12.40%
5Equity- Large &Mid CapAxis Growth Opportunities Fund41.46%21.34%23.11%
6Equity- ELSSAxis ELSS Tax Saver32.48%10.83%15.79%
7OtherAxis Nifty smallcap 50 Index Fund78.15%NANA
8Equity- SectoralAxis India Manufacturing Fund12.%NANA

All interest rates are tentative they fluctuate as per the market situation. Axis Bank introduces omni axis platform for mutual fund Investments. They are available for digital gold investment, that investment is buying and selling gold digitally without a physical store. 

To Know More and Investing with more benefit-Upstox

SBI Bank

SBI Investment Banking Offers services like SBI green rupee term deposits, FD, RD, Sarvottm term deposits, annuity deposits, muti option deposits, SBI tax saving scheme, NPS, PPF, Gold banking, senior citizen saving scheme, Sukanya samrudhi scheme, RBI bonds, demat services, mutual fund, etc

Mutual Fund

Sr No.TypeFund NameInterest rates for 1-yearInterest rates for 3 yearsInterest rates for 5 years
1Equity- Small CapSBI Small Cap Fund38.76%26.67%27.25%
2Equity- ELSSSBI Long-term Equity Fund59%27.52%23.18%
3Equity- Mid CapSBI Magnum Mid Cap Fund41.12%25.55%25.51%
4Equity- SectrolSBI PSU Direct Plan98.22%40.95%27.09%
4Equity- Large CapSBI Bluechip direct plan25.84%15.23%17.68%
5Equity- ContraSBI Contra direct plan51.16%31.94%28.19%
6OtherSBI Nifty Index Direct Plan28.02%15.78%16.38%
7OtherSBI Gold Fund9.69%8.92%12.32%
8Equity- SectrolSBI Infrastructure Fund59.47%36.48%25.84%
9Equity- SectrolSBI Healthcare Opportunities Fund47.72%18.93%22.12%
10Equity- SectrolSBI Consumption Opportunities Fund32.66%25.95%18.99%
11Equity- Large & Mid CapSBI Large & Mid Cap Fund31.93%24.26%19.45%
12OtherSBI Equity Minimum Variance Fund31.3%20.59%NA
13Equity- SectrolSBI banking and financial Fund28.36%16.9%14.91%
14Equity- FlexicapSBI Flexicap Fund28.35%18.08%16.16%

All interest rates are tentative they fluctuate as per the market situation.SBI develop “INVESTTAP” mobile app for mutual investment. SBI offers many more investments check their official website

To Know More and Investing with more benefit- Zerodha

Mutual Funds are subject to market risk. Terms and conditions apply


Investment banks in India has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century, but its modern cycle began in the 1990s after economic privatization. The growth of the banking industry has been fueled by factors like economic changes, globalization, and the increasing complexity of financial transactions. SEBI and RBI play crucial roles in regulating the banking industry and ensuring transparency and stability. Key players include multinational and domestic banks, as well as market investment banks and financial advisory firms. These institutions offer a range of services including Mutual funds, stocks, deposits, and bonds.

Some of the top investment banks in India include Kotak Investment Banking, ICICI, Axis Bank, and SBI. These banks offer a variety of financial products and services such as mutual funds, demat accounts, trading accounts, IPOs, and government bond investments. They also provide strategic advice, research, and risk management solutions to help companies make informed financial decisions and manage their investments effectively and smoothly.

How would one start an investment bank in India?

To start an investment bank in India, Firstly you need to fulfill regulatory requirements documents, obtain necessary licenses from regulatory bodies like the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), assemble a qualified team, and establish relationships with clients and investors.

What are considered the best investment banks?

TGoldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase, Morgan Stanley, and Bank of America Merrill Lynch are often regarded as some of the best investment banks globally.

What is the investment banking role in India?

The investment banking in India involves advising clients on financial activity such as mergers and acquisitions, raising capital through IPOs or debt offerings, and providing strategic financial guidance.

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